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Uganda Policy and Smallholder Farmers

The Uganda Food and Nutrition Policy (UFNP): The UFNP (Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheriers and Ministry of Health 2003) carries a similar attitude as that of Uganda National Budgets. It also seemingly promotes ‘grow to sell then buy to eat’.  The overall objective of the policy is:

“To promote the nutritional status of all the people of Uganda through multi-sectoral and co-coordinated interventions that focus on food security, improved nutrition and increased incomes.” 

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Uganda National Budgets and Agriculture 

In this analysis I rely heavily on national budget analyses that have been done by the Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group (CSBAG 2016) as the source of budget figures. The figures of interest for this paper are presented here below:

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Rural and Urban in Uganda 

Introduction: How may one appreciate what is considered rural and urban in Uganda? This is the question that I attempt to answer in this analysis. I do so by using, as an example, Teso - the area (Teso - Uganda Maps 2016), which is in Eastern Uganda and Iteso - the people; from whom am descended. Since the main synthesis paper to which this analysis contributes is on smallholder farmers and is on agriculture, I particularly use the example of the food system of my people and the changes that have occurred in it. I am assisted in this by the book: The Iteso (Lawrance 1957), from which I borrow significantly.

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Rethinking Uganda’s Land Question 


Norah Owaraga wrote this short paper on request and sponsorship of the Makerere University Business School (MUBS) in partnership with Friedrich Ebert Stiftung for presentation at the 15th Public Economic Forum that was held at Protea Hotel, Kampala on 5th May 2016. The theme of the forum was: “Rethinking the land question, food security and agricultural transformation in Uganda.” This paper was specifically requested as a response to the forum’s session on “land tenure, access to land, and food security in Uganda.”

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NRM’s Hoe Project Vs FDC’s Tractor Project


Whereas a hoe is among the symbols in the emblem of the Democratic Party (DP) of Uganda, during Uganda’s presidential elections of 2016, the hoe was catapulted into mainstream national political debate by the ruling party, the National Resistance Movement Organisation (NRMO). Presidential Candidate and also the President of Uganda, His Excellency President Yoweri Kagutta Museveni, pledged and fulfilled his pledge of distributing 18 million hoes countrywide. He argued that hoes would boost food security and incomes for small land owners and would gradually transform Uganda from an agrarian to an industrial economy by 2040. With the retail price of a hoe standing at 10 thousand shillings per piece, 18 million hoes would cost 180 billion shillings, which is about 30 per cent of Uganda’s Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industries and Fisheries budget for Uganda’s fiscal year ending June 2016. (Source: Daily Monitor). Other analysts, however, priced a hoe at 25 thousand shillings per piece and therefore estimated the NRM’s hoe project to cost 450 billion shillings.

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National planning is best decentralised and by a strong civil service


There is the tendency in Uganda for people to point fingers and say “those people at the centre.” You will recall, with all its weaknesses Uganda’s decentralised system  was the best system ever. I am meant to understand that other countries in our neighbourhood have actually borrowed our perfect on paper decentralised system. The decentralised system was genuinely giving planning responsibility to come all the way from the grassroots to the centre – a bottom up approach. And I remember Uganda was celebrated. That time even civil society organisations were organised. It was like a village council will first plan, then it is taken to sub-county, then it is taken to the district, and from the district is where it is brought to the centre. But in the current system, the district administrations have been thoroughly disempowered – through taxation first of all. The removal of graduated tax and the insistence of the Government of Uganda (GoU) to use indirect taxes is a problem, because the indirect taxes are not felt by the general population.

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Corruption and human engineered disasters


We have manmade disasters and then we have natural disasters. There are very many manmade disasters which are systemically obviously going to happen. People here in the studio, like to talk about the word corruption as a vague abstract term. Corruption is not vague, corruption is not abstract. For corruption to take place there has to be the person who is paying the bribe and the person who is soliciting that bribe.  People like to say, those people are corrupt. They often pay attention to these small people who have received a bribe. But they are not looking at the person who solicited the bribe - like the one who said, let me bribe you. It is at that point that vital resources are diverted to do other things; and then you have an engineered manmade disaster. 

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Agriculture in Uganda



“Agriculture is the backbone of Uganda’s economy” is a popular assertion that has made it all the way into Uganda’s State of the Nation addresses which the current President of Uganda, His Excellency Yoweri Kagutta Museveni has given, such as the one of 2011. The Government of Uganda (GoU) (Ministry of agriculture, animal industry and fisheries, 2013) defines agriculture as “the growing of crops, livestock or fish" Others (National Geographic, 2015) define agriculture in a more explicit and a more encompassing manner as “the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock.” The GoU’s definition of agriculture allows a deduction that Uganda’s agriculture sector includes crops, livestock, agro-forestry and fishing activities. Although not specifically stated in the GoU’s definition, soil cultivation and management are implied as components of Uganda’s agriculture. Uganda’s agriculture is mostly soil based – crops are primarily grown in soils and animals are reared on the land.

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Providing Health Care Services For Northern Uganda

“Some of our members and their households used to fear to go for HIV and AIDS tests. Now we no longer fear to go and test for HIV and AIDS. We now know our HIV status and some of us who are positive are open about our status, other than keeping silent. Those of us who are HIV positive now go to the health centre to get ARV treatment for prolonging our lives. Stigma between those who test positive and those who test negative has reduced. Group members support one another in the group and at homes.  Increased appreciation of the fact that HIV and AIDS  do not kill immediately and one can live positively has enabled us to live positively by taking good care of ourselves, eating nutritive foods, visiting health centres for services and not to isolate ourselves, but to continue to actively engage in productive activities.  For those amongst our members who tested negative,  have changed their behaviour, such as not sharing sharp objects and not engaging in extra marital sexual relationships which increase the risk of  being exposed to getting HIV. They make every effort to stay negative.”

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Putting CPAR Uganda’s environmentally friendly policies in practice

Environmentally friendly bags

The CPAR Uganda Financial Year starts on the first day of April and ends on the last day of March. On Monday, 10th August 2015, as the Managing Director for CPAR Uganda, I delivered to our external auditors – a reputable firm that adheres to international auditing standards – for external auditing our books of accounts and financial records for our financial year ended 31st March 2015.

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